Correct placement of waste collection points, bins and other shelters is a fire safety consideration when some of the waste is combustible and there is a risk of ignition.
Fixed safety distances regulate the distance between a building and waste collection points/containers/other shelters in Finland. Adhering to these requirements becomes increasingly challenging in urban construction.
VTT tackled this challenge by creating a test system that allows manufacturers to demonstrate the fire safety of their products even when placed closer to the building than the regulated safety distance.
A new testing method to determine safety distance
The new testing methods determines a safety distance between the waste collection point or bin and the building. The tests are performed at the desired safety distance stated by the manufacturer. The testing takes into account different fire scenarios, such as self-ignition or arson.
The criteria used in the testing method complies with existing guidelines and regulations as well as harmonised product standards.
The testing allows a product manufacturer to verify a safety distance specific for their product. The test results also help users and authorities verify the correct placement of waste bins on site.
Tested products receive a product certificate from VTT
Products that pass the tests at the required safety distance can be certified with a product certificate issued by VTT.
A VTT certificate is a voluntary document for presenting product characteristics based on test results or calculations, and the general requirements for the product in Finland/the target market.